Nicolas Sokolovsky

Н. А. Соколовский

Nicolas Constantinovich Sokolovsky (1897–1958)

СОКОЛОВСКИЙ Николай Константинович (1897–1958). Русский текст – внизу страницы

Architect, artist, educator

Born 4 Dec 1897 in Ufa; died in 1958 in Tashkent, USSR. Married Olga Ivanovna Dmitrieff in 1923. His son Rostislav was born in Shanghai in January 1930.

Sokolovsky received his education at the Oriental Languages Department of St. Petersburg University. He also attended classes at the Architecture Academy, but did not graduate because he was drafted. Having fought in the First World War and the Russian civil war, he ended up in exile in Shanghai in 1924. Here he continued his architectural education at the International Correspondence School, obtaining the qualifications of the 1st Class architect.

After a stint as a construction supervisor at the architecture firm Leonard & Veysseyre (1926), he opened his own studio N. C. Sokolovsky, with the headquarters at 283 Rue Bourgeat (later 78G Route Grouchy), producing building designs, construction solutions, interior and furniture designs. In 1928, he designed the interior of the Prostoff & Co. shop on Avenue Joffre. He rebuilt and redesigned a residence at 306 Avenue Foch into a restaurant. In 1929, he was responsible for the interior design of the ballroom of the Hotel Tiny, built by his colleague Livin. In 1941, he rebuilt a row of commercial buildings on East Seward Road, destroyed by the Japanese air bombs in 1937. His total architectural output remains unknown.

Sokolovsky was an active member of Russian art and literary circles, one of the founders of the Ponedelnik society, Russian artists' organization HLAM, a philosophy group, an Orientalists' society, etc. His paintings were frequently exhibited at Shanghai art shows. Among his published architectural projects there is a project of a Russian Orthodox church and a synagogue, as well as furniture designs. In 1938, the Russian Architects' Union in Prague entrusted him with organizing the China Russian Architects' Union.

Sokolovsky was an avid theoretician of architecture and art styles. His polemical letters appeared on the pages of Shanghai Russian- and English-language press. In 1925, he defended his colleagues Livin-Goldenstaedt and Zdanowitch's designs of Sun Yat-sen's memorial in Nanking, on the pages of The China Press. In 1935, he published an essay Philosophy of Architecture in Shanghai Zaria. In 1950, he was still in Shanghai, teaching architectural drawing and giving public lectures on perspective drawing. Toward the end of the decade, he was already in Tashkent, Uzbekistan (USSR), where he died in 1958.

The "modern style of interior decoration" in Prostoff & Co. new shop on Avenue Joffre, designed by Sokolovsky. The China Press, 1 July 1928.
The ballroom of Hotel Tiny (the project of Livin-Goldenstaedt). The China Press, Nov 1929
Commercial buildings on East Seward Road, ruined in the Japanese air raids in 1937. Shanghai Times Industrial Supplement, 17 December 1941.
Same storefronts after rebuilding. Shanghai Times Industrial Supplement, 17 December 1941.

List of known works by N. C. Sokolovsky

  • Interior design, Prostoff & Co. store, 447 Avenue Joffre (1928) (old numbering).

  • Restaurant, 306 Avenue Foch, (1929).

  • Ballroom, Hotel Tiny, 181A Yu Yuen Road (1929), now 745 Yuyuan Road 愚园路745号.

  • Commercial buildings, East Seward Road (after 1938–1941).

Николай Константинович СОКОЛОВСКИЙ (1897–1958) – развернуть

Биография с сайта "Искусство и архитектура русского зарубежья":

4 декабря 1897 (Уфа) – 1958 (Ташкент). Художник, архитектор, переводчик.

Образование получил на Восточном факультете в Петербургском университете. Посещал вечерние классы по архитектуре и живописи в ИАХ, но не получил второго образования в связи с призывом на военную службу. Офицер, участник Первой мировой и Гражданской войн, участник Ледового похода генерала Корнилова.

Эмигрировал в Китай, с 1924 жил в Шанхае. Прошел курс архитектуры в Международной заочной школе в Шанхае, получил официальное свидетельство архитектора 1-го класса. Работал в шанхайских строительных фирмах; создавал архитектурные проекты в собственной мастерской.

Был одним из активистов русской общественной жизни в Шанхае. Один из организаторов содружества «Понедельник» (1929), член содружества ХЛАМ (1934), философского кружка «Среды», Кружка ориенталистов.

Занимался живописью, принимал участие в художественных выставках. В 1930 участвовал в Международной выставке Арт-клуба в Шанхае.

В мае 1936 его творчеству было посвящено специальное заседание кружка «Среда», и открыта персональная выставка, состоящая из живописных пейзажей («На Урале», «Морозное утро», «Молитва старых лам», «Оранжевые ворота» и др.) и архитектурных работ (проекты русской церкви, синагоги, эскизы мебели).

Биография из А. А. Хисамутдинова, "Русские в Китае":

Окончил восточный фа­культет СПб. университета и вечерние курсы по архитектуре и живописи сту­дентов Академии художеств. Участник Первой мировой (офицер) и Гражданской войн, совершил Ледовый поход. В Шанхае окончил International Correspondents School. Зарегистрирован архитектором 1 разряда. Один из организаторов содру­жества «Понедельник» (секретарь), Философских Сред и Кружка ориенталистов. Возможно, репатриировался.