Boris Krivoss

Б. В. Кривош

Boris Krivoss with an old Chinese cannon he fished out of the Lake Tahu in 1929

Boris Vladimirovich Krivoss (1901–1990)

Борис Владимирович Кривош (1901–1990). Русский текст – внизу страницы

Land and estate agent, architect, builder, contractor, landlord

Boris Krivoss was born in Saint-Petersburg on September 5, 1901, and died on May 23, 1990, in Santiago, Chile.

Owner of B. Krivoss & Co. 葛礼文洋行 and Krivoss Realty Co. 葛礼文建筑地产公司. First wife – Regina Krivoss (b. 1911); second wife – Victoria Barrera (Chile).

Boris Krivoss escaped from Russia to China in 1921, leaving behind his parents and brother. In 1925, he founded his architectural firm and realty company in Shanghai. By the mid-1930s he was owner of several buildings, realtor, land broker and landlord. He built "several terraces and tens of private residences and apartment houses." He traded in land, designed and built new homes or rebuilt and modernized existing residences.

Krivoss was frequent donor for Russians in need, and acted as Honorary Chairman of the Association of Yugoslavian citizens and vice-chairman of Club Champetre International (in 1941). He a was also a keen yachtsman. Together with his wife he lived in a penthouse of his own apartment house on Avenue Joffre.

In 1932, Krivoss went on a round-the-world cruise, and upon his return he was interviewed on matters of city planning and architecture. He approved of Hollywood-style homes, however "garish and ornate." He found California lovely, New York dirty and grimy, and Chicago clean and orderly. He was impressed with skyscrapers, finding them efficient and attractive: "Too bad we can't have such things here. Shanghai soil couldn't support them; it's too mucky and soft." He stopped in his native Czechoslovakia and schemed about importing construction materials from there. He concluded: "I'm glad to be back in Shanghai. I consider it my home. I've seen Shanghai grow and it has a big future. I'm sorry I missed the war. There is apparently a great deal of work for everybody in Chapei." (China Press, 28 July 1932)

In 1946, Krivoss moved to Chile and settled in Santiago, running a boarding house and building economical housing in the area of the Central Station. He lived to be 89. (Ulanova & Norambuena, Russos en Chile) "Hotel Castillo Rojo was designed in 1923 by the architect Federico Bieregel as a home for Pedro Lehuedé and his family. In the late 1940s, the castle was purchased by Boris Krivoss, a Russian immigrant who transformed it into an artist’s residence and center for philosophical and creative exchange. From painters to dancers, musicians to chefs, these visitors and tenants gave the castle a bohemian and intriguing atmosphere." (source)

Villa, 550 Route de Zikawei

1928

Villa, 354 Avenue Haig

1928

la tour apartments, Rte tenant de la tour

c. 1928

modern residences, route ghisi

1927

residence, route Frelupt

1928

three-story mansion, Avenue Joffre

1930

blue hospital, Route Dufour

1930

Tiny Apartments, Route grouchy

1930

residence, Avenue Petain

1930

Krivoss apartments, Avenue Joffre

c. 1930

Western apartments, Avenue Petain

c. 1931

Petain Apartments, Route Petain

1931

Chinese-style residences, Nanyang Road

1932

Nesthouse Apartments, Nanyang Road

1932

California-style apartments, Route Vallon

1932

joffre arcade, avenue joffre

1934

La Tour Apartments (c. 1928)

La Tour Apartments, in Lane 275 South Xiangyang Road 襄阳南路275弄. Images by www.instagram.com/shanghaiheritage/
Contemporary views of La Tour Apartments, in Lane 275 South Xiangyang Road 襄阳南路275弄. Images by www.instagram.com/shanghaiheritage/

Western Apartments (c. 1931)

Contemporary view of Western Apartments, 23 Hengshan Road 衡山路23号. Image by www.instagram.com/shanghaiheritage/

California-style Apartments (1932)

Project of the two "California-style" apartment houses, published in December 1932. Shanghai Sunday Times.
Contemporary view of "California-style" apartments (known in Chinese as 嘉宝公寓 & 秀琦公寓), at 625 and 635 Nanchang Road 南昌路625号,南昌路635号. Image by www.instagram.com/shanghaiheritage/
Contemporary view of "California-style" apartments (known in Chinese as 嘉宝公寓 & 秀琦公寓), at 625 and 635 Nanchang Road 南昌路625号,南昌路635号. Image by www.instagram.com/shanghaiheritage/

Nesthouse Apartments (1932)

The 4-story front building of Nesthouse Apartments (known in Chinese as 巢居公寓), 32–38 Nanyang Road 南阳路32–38号. All images by www.instagram.com/shanghaiheritage/
The 3-story back building of Nesthouse Apartments, Lane 30 Nanyang Road 南阳路30弄.
Interior and exterior views of Nesthouse Apartments, Lane 30 Nanyang Road 南阳路30弄.

List of known works by Krivoss & Co. 葛礼文洋行

  • Residences on Route Ghisi (1927), now Yueyang Road – demolished

  • Villa, 354 Avenue Haig (1928), now Huashan Road 华山路 – demolished (PastVu).

  • Villa, 550 Route de Zikawei (1928), now Zhaojiabang Road 肇嘉浜路 – demolished

  • Residence, 325 Route Frelupt (1928), now 325 West Jianguo Road 建国西路325号

  • La Tour Apartments 拉都公寓, 275 Route Tenant de la Tour (c. 1928), now Lane 275 South Xiangyang Road 襄阳南路275弄

  • Residence (Krivoss' real estate office), 667 Avenue Joffre (old numbering; 1929) – location and condition to be confirmed

  • Three-story mansion, 1294 Avenue Joffre – demolished (PastVu).

  • Blue Hospital, 185 Route Dufour (1930), now 157 South Wulumuqi Road 乌鲁木齐南路157号

  • Residence, 18 Avenue Petain (1930) – demolished

  • Western Apartments, 25 Avenue Petain (c. 1931), now 23 Hengshan Road 衡山路23号

  • Petain Apartments (later renamed Alice Apartments), 275 Avenue Petain (1931) – demolished

  • California-style apartments, 561 and 563 Route Vallon (1932), now 嘉宝公寓 & 秀琦公寓, 625 and 635 Nanchang Road 南昌路625号,南昌路635号

  • Nesthouse (Nest House) Apartments 巢居公寓, 32-38 Nanyang Road (1932), now Lane 30 Nanyang Road 南阳路30弄

  • Chinese-style terrace, Lane 56 Nanyang Road (1932) – now 1–12 Lane 56 Nanyang Road 南阳路56弄1–12号

  • Krivoss Apartments, 1333 Avenue Joffre (c. 1930), now 1333 Middle Huaihai Road 淮海中路1333号

  • Tiny Apartments, 78–88 Route Grouchy (1930), now Lane 54 Yanqing Road 延庆路54弄

  • Joffre Arcade, 542 Avenue Joffre (1934), now 飞龙大楼 542 Middle Huaihai Road 淮海中路542弄

Also:

Борис Владимирович Кривош (1901–1990).

Архитектор, застройщик, риэлтор

Родился 5 сентября 1901 года; умер 23 мая 1990 года в Сантьяго, Чили.

Сын Владимира Ивановича Кривоша-Неманича из Словакии и Антонины Ивановны Кривош (в девичестве Якщинской). Борис Кривош попал в Шанхай в 1921 году, а в 1925 году созданная им архитектурно-строительная фирма уже скупала участки во Французской концессии, застраивала их особняками и продавала это элитное жилье иностранным клиентам. Кривош предлагал также архитектурные проекты и участки под застройку, а также сдавал в аренду квартиры в своих домах. Ни одна англоязычная газета Шанхая не обходилась без рекламы его фирмы: «Зачем арендовать чужой дом, если можно построить свой?», «Сделайте это! Наш опыт к вашим услугам», «В собственном доме медовый месяц не кончается».

Кривош был одним из богатейших представителей русской колонии Шанхая. Он являлся почетным председателем ассоциации граждан Югославии, своей исторической родины, активно жертвовал на нужды русского сообщества в Шанхае и увлекался яхтенным спортом. Вместе с женой Кривош жил в пентхаусе собственного многоквартирного дома на авеню Жоффр.

В 1931 году Кривош отправился в кругосветный круиз, а после возвращения в Шанхай газета “The China Press» взяла у архитектора интервью на профессиональные темы. Он выразил сожаление, что водянистая шанхайская почва не позволяет строить небоскребы, как в Нью-Йорке. За время круиза архитектор пропустил «войну в Чапее» (японско-китайский конфликт в январе 1932 года), и теперь предвкушал шквал заказов по восстановлению разрушенного района. Он признался, что считает Шанхай своим домом и видел в нем большой потенциал. До наших дней дошел почти десяток вилл, апартаментов и офисных зданий, спроектированных и выстроенных Кривошем, но ни на одном не висит табличка с его именем.

После 1947 года Кривош переехал в Чили и обосновался в Сантьяго, женился на Виктории Баррера и обустроил богемный отель "Красный замок".