Joseph J. Levitin

И. Ю. Левитин

J. J. Levitin c. 1930

Joseph Julievich Levitin (1883after 1943)

Иосиф Юльевич ЛЕВИТИН (1883после 1943). Русский текст – внизу страницы ⬇

Architect, Civil Engineer

Born 30 April 1883 in Gomel; died after 1943.

J. J. Levitin trained in architecture in Liege, Belgium, and since 1911 was based in China. He was Chief Architect of Harbin for almost a decade. After resigning in 1920, he had a private practice. Some of his projects are: the City Inn in neoclassical style on Mostovaya St., Pristan district (1920); Jewish school Talmud Torah on Konnaya Street (1920) and Jewish Charity Home for the Aged on Artilleriyskaya St. (1920), both in Middle-Eastern style; Commercial College and Dormitory on Nagorny Prospekt in the New City (1928–1930); Harbin Library (1930) in “American” beaux arts style; Jewish High School; Thriftcor Bank building, and a number of residences and apartment houses.

In Harbin, Levitin was a co-owner of the prestigious Hotel Moderne. At one point he was also director of Harbin Tramways. He had traveled extensively in Europe and the USA.

Levitin came to Shanghai in January 1930 and soon opened his studio J. J. Levitin 列维金工程师, in the Bearn Apartments, 475 Avenue Joffre, where it stayed for more than fifteen years. In October 1931, one of the city’s leading newspapers ran an illustrated feature about his Harbin career, in which the architect announced his plans to introduce American-style co-operative apartments in Shanghai.

The full scope of Levitin’s work in Shanghai is not fully known. According to the architectural drawings in the hold of Municipal Urban Construction Archives, in autumn 1941 Levitin was responsible for redesigning the ground floor of Washington Apartments to contain shops and servants‘ quarters.

Levitin was active in the public work aimed at Ashkenazi Jews. In the 1930s he headed the Tientsin branch of Betar. During the founding of the Jewish Club in Shanghai in April 1932, he became its librarian, and later, in 1942, he was among the Club’s stewards. In 1943, he was in the housing commission of SACRA (Shanghai Ashkenazic Collaborating Relief Association). Levitin’s activities and whereabouts after December 1944, when he last renewed his emigrant card, have not been traced.

Levitin was married to Anna Markovna Levitin, b. 1894 in Odessa, and had a son, Bruno, b. 1912 in Warsaw, an electrical engineer. They both became Soviet citizens and were living in Shanghai as late as 1947. In 1951, as a refugee in the care of the IRO, Anna Levitin traveled via Hong Kong to Italy; Bruno Levitin and his wife Iraida went to Canada in 1952.

Newspaper page highlighting Harbin projects of J. J. Levitin and discussing his idea of co-operative apartments, The China Press, 29 October 1931.

Harbin, 1920–1930

Jewish Charity Home for the Aged

1920s

Talmud Torah school

1920s

Jewish High school

1920s

Harbin Library

1930

Apartment building

1920s

Private Residence

1920s

Shanghai, 1930–1940s

Elevation of Washington Apartments, signed by J. J. Levitin, Architect and Civil Engineer, October 1941. Shanghai Urban Construction Archives.
Elevation of Washington Apartments, signed by J. J. Levitin, Architect and Civil Engineer, October 1941. Shanghai Urban Construction Archives.

иосиф Юльевич Левитин (1883после 1943) – Развернуть ⬇

Левитин родился в Гомеле 30 апреля 1883 года. Согласно газетным материалам 1930-х годов, архитектурное образование он получил в Льеже (Бельгия) и прибыл в Китай в 1911 году. После 1943 года следы Левитина теряются. Его жена – Анна Марковна (р. 1894 в Одессе), и сын Бруно (р. 1912 в Варшаве), эмигрировали из Китая в 1951 году.


Н. П. Крадин, «Русские инженеры и архитекторы в Китае»:

В течение многих лет до 1920 года занимал должность городского архитектора в Харбине, оставив службу по собственному заявлению. В последующие годы имел частную строительную практику – разрабатывал проекты, составлял сметы на строительство, вёл надзор за строительством объектов. 1928 году заключил договор с хлебной бирже в районе Фудзядян на разработку проектов и осуществление надзора за строительством комплекса зданий высшего Коммерческого училища и общежития для учащихся, предполагаемых к строительству в Новом Городе харбина, на участке по Нагорному проспекту, рядом с храмом Конфуция. В 1930 году строительство комплекса было завершено. Является автором многочисленных проектов и построек в Харбине, сохранившихся до настоящего времени. Среди них: Гостиный двор в районе Пристань (1920) на улице Мостовой; здание Талмуд-Торы на улице Конной (1920); здание убежище для бедных престарелых евреев на улице Артиллерийской (1920); здание высшего Коммерческого училища и общежития для учащихся на Нагорном проспекте в Новом Городе (1928–1930). Являлся совладельцем крупной и фешенебельной гостиницы «Модерн» в Харбине, построенный по проекту архитектора С. А. Венсана.

sources and additional info

  • The China Press, North-China Herald, North-China Daily News, Hong directories, Arolsen Archives.

  • Н. П. Крадин, «Русские инженеры и архитекторы в Китае», сс. 283–284.

  • С. С. Левошко, «Журнал «Архитектура и жизнь» в архитектурной историографии русского Харбина», 2002.